Artisanal fishery is the most important economic activity in Elmina, Ghana, and it relies on fish from both the inshore and offshore marine environment. It has been estimated that 75% of the town’s total population derives their livelihood either directly from fishing or indirectly from fishing-related economic activities. Therefore, the Government of Ghana intends to undertake the rehabilitation and expansion of the Elmina Fishing Port, increasing the accessibility and size of the port while enhancing the tourist appeal of Elmina. Eventually, it should provide the fishing fleet with both unobstructed movements between the ocean and the lagoon and increase capacity by providing additional sheltered quay walls in a new port basin.
IMDC was responsible for improving and expanding the fishing port while enhancing the tourist area of Elmina, Ghana. To achieve this, the new port included two new breakwaters (northern and southern) of around 700 m total length that protect the deepened basin from incoming waves while reducing sedimentation. A reclamation area and quays were constructed and installed to provide additional berth space for the onshore facilities. Innovative and sustainable solutions were sought, by reusing the existing breakwaters as much as possible. In the figure on the right, the southern breakwater (left on the figure, protecting the inner port from incoming waves) and the northern breakwater (right on the figure, blocking the longshore sediment transport) are shown in their finalized stage together with the provided reclamation area, quay walls, and revetments. Several activities were undertaken during the course of the project in order to obtain the shown layout of the port and are highlighted below: